Thursday, November 13, 2014

Article Number: 9917


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ARRoGANT CoURiERS WiTH ESSaYS





Grade Level: Type of Work Subject/Topic is on:



[ ]6-8 [ ]Class Notes [Report On Julius Caesar ]



[x]9-10 [ ]Cliff Notes [ ]



[ ]11-12 [x]Essay/Report [ ]



[ ]College [ ]Misc [ ]





Dizzed: o6/95 # of Words:738 School: ? State: NY



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Julius Caesar





In the play of Julius Caesar, we see a brief picture of Roman life



during the time of the First Triumvirate. In this snap shot, we see many



unfortunate things. Shakespeare gives us the idea that many people try to



circumvent what the future holds, such as unfortunate things, by being



superstitious. Superstition seems to play a role in the basic daily life



of most Roman citizens. For instance, the setting of the first scene is



based upon superstition, the Feast of Lupercal. This feast is in honor of



the god Pan, the queen of fertility. During this time, infertile females



are supposed to be able to procreate, and fertile ones are supposed to be



able to bear more. It is also a supposed time of sexual glorification and



happiness. Other scenes depict how throughout Rome, roaming the streets are



mysterious sooth-sayers, who are supposedly given the power to predict the



future. Dictating what is to come through terse tidbits, these people may



also be looked upon as superstitious. In the opening scene, one sooth-sayer,



old in his years, warns Caesar to "Beware the Ides of March," an admonition



of Caesar's impending death. Although sooth-sayers are looked upon by many



as insane out of touch lower classmen, a good deal of them, obviously



including the sayer Caesar encountered, are indeed right on the mark. Since



they lack any formal office or shop, and they predict forthcomings without



fee, one can see quite easily why citizens would distrust their



predictions. Superstition, in general elements such as the Feast of



Lupercal, as well as on a personal level such as with the sooth-sayers,



is an important factor in determining the events and the outcome of Julius



Caesar, a significant force throughout the entire course of the play.







Before the play fully unravels, we see a few of signs of Caesar's



tragic end. Aside from the sooth-sayer's warning, we also see another sign



during Caesar's visit with the Augerers, the latter day "psychics". They



find "No heart in the beast", which they interpret as advice to Caesar that



he should remain at home. Ceasar brushes it off and thinks of it as a rebuke



from the gods, meaning that he is a coward if he does not go out, and so he



dismisses the wise advice as hearsay. However, the next morning, his wife



Calphurnia wakes up frightened due to a horrible nightmare. She tells Caesar



of a battle breaking out in the heart of Rome, "Which drizzled blood upon the



Capitol," with Caesar painfully dying, such that "...The heavens themselves



blaze forth the death of princes." Although Caesar realizes Calphurnia



is truly concerned about his well-being, he seeks another interpretation,



coming to the conclusion that the person who imagines the dream may not be



the wisest one to interpret it's meaning. Later Caesar tells his faithful



companion Decius about it, and he interprets it quite the contrary, "That it



was a vision fair and fortunate," and indeed, today is an ideal day to go



out, since this is the day "To give a crown to mighty Caesar." Perhaps



Decius is implying here that today is a day where much appreciation and



appraisal will be given to Caesar, surely not the endangerment of his well-



being as Calphurnia interprets it. Caesar predictably agrees with him,



as most citizens enjoy believing the more positive of two interpretations.





After Caesar's assasination at the hand of Brutus, Cassius, and the



rest of the conspirators, Brutus and Cassius are chased into the country



side, where we see a few superstitious signs of their forthcoming painful



death in battle. In a dream, Brutus sees Caesar's "ghost", interpreted as an



omen of his defeat. He also looks upon the ensign, and instead of the usual



stock of eagles, ravens and kites replace them, construed as another sign of



their loss at Phillipi. Not surprisingly, Caesar's death is avenged in the



end, with the two of the conspirators' double suicide. As superstition is



inter-twined within the basis of the entire play, we can reasonably conclude



that it is because of this irrational belief of why certain events occur and



how to avoid them, that Caesar is retired and eventually avenged. In the



words of Caesar's devoted follower and companion Mark Antony, "His life was



gentle, and the elements so mixed in him that Nature might stand up and say



to the world, 'This was a man!'"


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