Thursday, November 13, 2014

Article Number: 9946


Newsgroups: alt.psychoactives



Subject: Calea zacatechichi



Message-ID:



From: marsthom@qedbbs.com (Mark Thompson)



Date: 2 May 93 08:13:47 GMT





>Someone asked about Calea zacatechichi...





Beside Willam Bodens book "Narcotic Plants" and Richard Evan



Schultes/Albert Hofmann's book "Plants of the Gods", a good source of info



about psychoactive Mexican plants is the article:





"Ethnopharmacology and Taxonomy of Mexican Psychodysleptic Plants"



by Jose Luis Diaz, MD published in the Jan-Jun 1979 issue of



"Journal of Psychedelic Drugs"





Diaz lists Salvia divinorum, Calea zacatechichi and Cannabis sativa



as "cognodysleptics", and Calea zacatechichi is mentioned as being smoked



and taken as a tea by the Chontal Indians in Oaxaca for divination and



oneiromancy (dream induction).





"Its actions during wakefulness were tested in five subjects after



several inhalations and the administration of an infusion.



With high doses, effects included: sensations of well-being



and light-headedness, difficulty in bringing events to mind,



somnolence, and an intensification of visual imagery, but only



with the eyes closed."





It isn't clear from the paper whether the psychoactive substance(s) in



the plant have been conclusively identified:





"A germacranolid called caleicine, the p-hydroxycinnamide ester of



junenol, was isolated from a sample of C. zacatechichi taken from



the state of Veracruz."





"Other substances with the basic structure of caleicine have been



isolated from the active, as well as the inactive plants provided



by the Chontal curandero; they are now being screened for the



presence of psychoactive compounds. Independently Bohlmann and



Zdero(1977) have reported two new germacranolids in C. zacatechichi.



It should be mentioned that these molecules are terpenes as are the



cannabinols in marijuana."





Diaz also mentions that there appear to be two varieties (possibly



separate species) of this plant. One is psychoactive and the other



apparently is not.





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Hope that's useful to someone.


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